Saturday, September 2, 2017

Canadian Railway Schedules in 1868

Here are most of the Canadian railways as they presented themselves in print in 1868 - essentially at the time of Confederation. At this point there were other railways used by mines and in various industrial applications, and some railways were simply not included in this guide. For the sake of having them all in one place (in case that is helpful to you) here they are. 

This reprint was made from a microfilm of the sole copy of this guide in existence. This particular copy of the reprint was submerged for a period of time in a liquid of some sort ... so now the pages resist lying flat on the scanner. 

These tables are handy for calculating the average speed on particular routes, levels of service and the connections made with other railways and water transportation. There are notes on some of the tables specifying which city's solar time is used as the basis for the schedules ... as standard time and time zones were not yet in use.

A few photos are included to illustrate the relatively primitive railway technologies employed during this period.

from: A Locomotive Engineer's Album; George B Abdill; 1965; Bonanza Books.
Engine 55, Adam Brown, of the Great Western Railway.
Built by the Canada Works, Birkenhead, England.
Shown in 1870 after its conversion to a 4-4-0.

from: Railways; C Hamilton Ellis; 1974; Peebles Press.
Great Western Railway (Canada) sleeping car, no date.
Three tiers of berths on the left, with regular coach seats on the right.

from: A Locomotive Engineer's Album; George B Abdill; 1965; Bonanza Books.
September 13, 1870 at Fergus, Ontario during the opening of the Wellington, Grey and Bruce.
The locomotive is the ... Adam Brown.
Notice how light the rail is.